clang 19.0.0git
Sarif.cpp
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1//===-- clang/Basic/Sarif.cpp - SarifDocumentWriter class definition ------===//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8///
9/// \file
10/// This file contains the declaration of the SARIFDocumentWriter class, and
11/// associated builders such as:
12/// - \ref SarifArtifact
13/// - \ref SarifArtifactLocation
14/// - \ref SarifRule
15/// - \ref SarifResult
16//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
17#include "clang/Basic/Sarif.h"
20#include "llvm/ADT/ArrayRef.h"
21#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
22#include "llvm/ADT/StringExtras.h"
23#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
24#include "llvm/Support/ConvertUTF.h"
25#include "llvm/Support/JSON.h"
26#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
27
28#include <optional>
29#include <string>
30#include <utility>
31
32using namespace clang;
33using namespace llvm;
34
37
38static StringRef getFileName(FileEntryRef FE) {
39 StringRef Filename = FE.getFileEntry().tryGetRealPathName();
40 if (Filename.empty())
41 Filename = FE.getName();
42 return Filename;
43}
44/// \name URI
45/// @{
46
47/// \internal
48/// \brief
49/// Return the RFC3986 encoding of the input character.
50///
51/// \param C Character to encode to RFC3986.
52///
53/// \return The RFC3986 representation of \c C.
54static std::string percentEncodeURICharacter(char C) {
55 // RFC 3986 claims alpha, numeric, and this handful of
56 // characters are not reserved for the path component and
57 // should be written out directly. Otherwise, percent
58 // encode the character and write that out instead of the
59 // reserved character.
60 if (llvm::isAlnum(C) || StringRef("-._~:@!$&'()*+,;=").contains(C))
61 return std::string(&C, 1);
62 return "%" + llvm::toHex(StringRef(&C, 1));
63}
64
65/// \internal
66/// \brief Return a URI representing the given file name.
67///
68/// \param Filename The filename to be represented as URI.
69///
70/// \return RFC3986 URI representing the input file name.
71static std::string fileNameToURI(StringRef Filename) {
72 SmallString<32> Ret = StringRef("file://");
73
74 // Get the root name to see if it has a URI authority.
75 StringRef Root = sys::path::root_name(Filename);
76 if (Root.starts_with("//")) {
77 // There is an authority, so add it to the URI.
78 Ret += Root.drop_front(2).str();
79 } else if (!Root.empty()) {
80 // There is no authority, so end the component and add the root to the URI.
81 Ret += Twine("/" + Root).str();
82 }
83
84 auto Iter = sys::path::begin(Filename), End = sys::path::end(Filename);
85 assert(Iter != End && "Expected there to be a non-root path component.");
86 // Add the rest of the path components, encoding any reserved characters;
87 // we skip past the first path component, as it was handled it above.
88 for (StringRef Component : llvm::make_range(++Iter, End)) {
89 // For reasons unknown to me, we may get a backslash with Windows native
90 // paths for the initial backslash following the drive component, which
91 // we need to ignore as a URI path part.
92 if (Component == "\\")
93 continue;
94
95 // Add the separator between the previous path part and the one being
96 // currently processed.
97 Ret += "/";
98
99 // URI encode the part.
100 for (char C : Component) {
102 }
103 }
104
105 return std::string(Ret);
106}
107/// @}
108
109/// \brief Calculate the column position expressed in the number of UTF-8 code
110/// points from column start to the source location
111///
112/// \param Loc The source location whose column needs to be calculated.
113/// \param TokenLen Optional hint for when the token is multiple bytes long.
114///
115/// \return The column number as a UTF-8 aware byte offset from column start to
116/// the effective source location.
118 unsigned int TokenLen = 0) {
119 assert(!Loc.isInvalid() && "invalid Loc when adjusting column position");
120
121 std::pair<FileID, unsigned> LocInfo = Loc.getDecomposedExpansionLoc();
122 std::optional<MemoryBufferRef> Buf =
123 Loc.getManager().getBufferOrNone(LocInfo.first);
124 assert(Buf && "got an invalid buffer for the location's file");
125 assert(Buf->getBufferSize() >= (LocInfo.second + TokenLen) &&
126 "token extends past end of buffer?");
127
128 // Adjust the offset to be the start of the line, since we'll be counting
129 // Unicode characters from there until our column offset.
130 unsigned int Off = LocInfo.second - (Loc.getExpansionColumnNumber() - 1);
131 unsigned int Ret = 1;
132 while (Off < (LocInfo.second + TokenLen)) {
133 Off += getNumBytesForUTF8(Buf->getBuffer()[Off]);
134 Ret++;
135 }
136
137 return Ret;
138}
139
140/// \name SARIF Utilities
141/// @{
142
143/// \internal
144json::Object createMessage(StringRef Text) {
145 return json::Object{{"text", Text.str()}};
146}
147
148/// \internal
149/// \pre CharSourceRange must be a token range
150static json::Object createTextRegion(const SourceManager &SM,
151 const CharSourceRange &R) {
152 FullSourceLoc BeginCharLoc{R.getBegin(), SM};
153 FullSourceLoc EndCharLoc{R.getEnd(), SM};
154 json::Object Region{{"startLine", BeginCharLoc.getExpansionLineNumber()},
155 {"startColumn", adjustColumnPos(BeginCharLoc)}};
156
157 if (BeginCharLoc == EndCharLoc) {
158 Region["endColumn"] = adjustColumnPos(BeginCharLoc);
159 } else {
160 Region["endLine"] = EndCharLoc.getExpansionLineNumber();
161 Region["endColumn"] = adjustColumnPos(EndCharLoc);
162 }
163 return Region;
164}
165
166static json::Object createLocation(json::Object &&PhysicalLocation,
167 StringRef Message = "") {
168 json::Object Ret{{"physicalLocation", std::move(PhysicalLocation)}};
169 if (!Message.empty())
170 Ret.insert({"message", createMessage(Message)});
171 return Ret;
172}
173
175 switch (I) {
176 case ThreadFlowImportance::Important:
177 return "important";
178 case ThreadFlowImportance::Essential:
179 return "essential";
180 case ThreadFlowImportance::Unimportant:
181 return "unimportant";
182 }
183 llvm_unreachable("Fully covered switch is not so fully covered");
184}
185
187 switch (R) {
188 case SarifResultLevel::None:
189 return "none";
190 case SarifResultLevel::Note:
191 return "note";
192 case SarifResultLevel::Warning:
193 return "warning";
194 case SarifResultLevel::Error:
195 return "error";
196 }
197 llvm_unreachable("Potentially un-handled SarifResultLevel. "
198 "Is the switch not fully covered?");
199}
200
201static json::Object
202createThreadFlowLocation(json::Object &&Location,
203 const ThreadFlowImportance &Importance) {
204 return json::Object{{"location", std::move(Location)},
205 {"importance", importanceToStr(Importance)}};
206}
207/// @}
208
209json::Object
210SarifDocumentWriter::createPhysicalLocation(const CharSourceRange &R) {
211 assert(R.isValid() &&
212 "Cannot create a physicalLocation from invalid SourceRange!");
213 assert(R.isCharRange() &&
214 "Cannot create a physicalLocation from a token range!");
215 FullSourceLoc Start{R.getBegin(), SourceMgr};
216 OptionalFileEntryRef FE = Start.getExpansionLoc().getFileEntryRef();
217 assert(FE && "Diagnostic does not exist within a valid file!");
218
219 const std::string &FileURI = fileNameToURI(getFileName(*FE));
220 auto I = CurrentArtifacts.find(FileURI);
221
222 if (I == CurrentArtifacts.end()) {
223 uint32_t Idx = static_cast<uint32_t>(CurrentArtifacts.size());
224 const SarifArtifactLocation &Location =
225 SarifArtifactLocation::create(FileURI).setIndex(Idx);
226 const SarifArtifact &Artifact = SarifArtifact::create(Location)
227 .setRoles({"resultFile"})
228 .setLength(FE->getSize())
229 .setMimeType("text/plain");
230 auto StatusIter = CurrentArtifacts.insert({FileURI, Artifact});
231 // If inserted, ensure the original iterator points to the newly inserted
232 // element, so it can be used downstream.
233 if (StatusIter.second)
234 I = StatusIter.first;
235 }
236 assert(I != CurrentArtifacts.end() && "Failed to insert new artifact");
237 const SarifArtifactLocation &Location = I->second.Location;
238 json::Object ArtifactLocationObject{{"uri", Location.URI}};
239 if (Location.Index.has_value())
240 ArtifactLocationObject["index"] = *Location.Index;
241 return json::Object{{{"artifactLocation", std::move(ArtifactLocationObject)},
242 {"region", createTextRegion(SourceMgr, R)}}};
243}
244
245json::Object &SarifDocumentWriter::getCurrentTool() {
246 assert(!Closed && "SARIF Document is closed. "
247 "Need to call createRun() before using getcurrentTool!");
248
249 // Since Closed = false here, expect there to be at least 1 Run, anything
250 // else is an invalid state.
251 assert(!Runs.empty() && "There are no runs associated with the document!");
252
253 return *Runs.back().getAsObject()->get("tool")->getAsObject();
254}
255
256void SarifDocumentWriter::reset() {
257 CurrentRules.clear();
258 CurrentArtifacts.clear();
259}
260
262 // Exit early if trying to close a closed Document.
263 if (Closed) {
264 reset();
265 return;
266 }
267
268 // Since Closed = false here, expect there to be at least 1 Run, anything
269 // else is an invalid state.
270 assert(!Runs.empty() && "There are no runs associated with the document!");
271
272 // Flush all the rules.
273 json::Object &Tool = getCurrentTool();
274 json::Array Rules;
275 for (const SarifRule &R : CurrentRules) {
276 json::Object Config{
277 {"enabled", R.DefaultConfiguration.Enabled},
278 {"level", resultLevelToStr(R.DefaultConfiguration.Level)},
279 {"rank", R.DefaultConfiguration.Rank}};
280 json::Object Rule{
281 {"name", R.Name},
282 {"id", R.Id},
283 {"fullDescription", json::Object{{"text", R.Description}}},
284 {"defaultConfiguration", std::move(Config)}};
285 if (!R.HelpURI.empty())
286 Rule["helpUri"] = R.HelpURI;
287 Rules.emplace_back(std::move(Rule));
288 }
289 json::Object &Driver = *Tool.getObject("driver");
290 Driver["rules"] = std::move(Rules);
291
292 // Flush all the artifacts.
293 json::Object &Run = getCurrentRun();
294 json::Array *Artifacts = Run.getArray("artifacts");
296 for (const auto &[K, V] : CurrentArtifacts)
297 Vec.emplace_back(K, V);
298 llvm::sort(Vec, llvm::less_first());
299 for (const auto &[_, A] : Vec) {
300 json::Object Loc{{"uri", A.Location.URI}};
301 if (A.Location.Index.has_value()) {
302 Loc["index"] = static_cast<int64_t>(*A.Location.Index);
303 }
304 json::Object Artifact;
305 Artifact["location"] = std::move(Loc);
306 if (A.Length.has_value())
307 Artifact["length"] = static_cast<int64_t>(*A.Length);
308 if (!A.Roles.empty())
309 Artifact["roles"] = json::Array(A.Roles);
310 if (!A.MimeType.empty())
311 Artifact["mimeType"] = A.MimeType;
312 if (A.Offset.has_value())
313 Artifact["offset"] = *A.Offset;
314 Artifacts->push_back(json::Value(std::move(Artifact)));
315 }
316
317 // Clear, reset temporaries before next run.
318 reset();
319
320 // Mark the document as closed.
321 Closed = true;
322}
323
324json::Array
325SarifDocumentWriter::createThreadFlows(ArrayRef<ThreadFlow> ThreadFlows) {
326 json::Object Ret{{"locations", json::Array{}}};
327 json::Array Locs;
328 for (const auto &ThreadFlow : ThreadFlows) {
329 json::Object PLoc = createPhysicalLocation(ThreadFlow.Range);
330 json::Object Loc = createLocation(std::move(PLoc), ThreadFlow.Message);
331 Locs.emplace_back(
332 createThreadFlowLocation(std::move(Loc), ThreadFlow.Importance));
333 }
334 Ret["locations"] = std::move(Locs);
335 return json::Array{std::move(Ret)};
336}
337
338json::Object
339SarifDocumentWriter::createCodeFlow(ArrayRef<ThreadFlow> ThreadFlows) {
340 return json::Object{{"threadFlows", createThreadFlows(ThreadFlows)}};
341}
342
343void SarifDocumentWriter::createRun(StringRef ShortToolName,
344 StringRef LongToolName,
345 StringRef ToolVersion) {
346 // Clear resources associated with a previous run.
347 endRun();
348
349 // Signify a new run has begun.
350 Closed = false;
351
352 json::Object Tool{
353 {"driver",
354 json::Object{{"name", ShortToolName},
355 {"fullName", LongToolName},
356 {"language", "en-US"},
357 {"version", ToolVersion},
358 {"informationUri",
359 "https://clang.llvm.org/docs/UsersManual.html"}}}};
360 json::Object TheRun{{"tool", std::move(Tool)},
361 {"results", {}},
362 {"artifacts", {}},
363 {"columnKind", "unicodeCodePoints"}};
364 Runs.emplace_back(std::move(TheRun));
365}
366
367json::Object &SarifDocumentWriter::getCurrentRun() {
368 assert(!Closed &&
369 "SARIF Document is closed. "
370 "Can only getCurrentRun() if document is opened via createRun(), "
371 "create a run first");
372
373 // Since Closed = false here, expect there to be at least 1 Run, anything
374 // else is an invalid state.
375 assert(!Runs.empty() && "There are no runs associated with the document!");
376 return *Runs.back().getAsObject();
377}
378
380 size_t Ret = CurrentRules.size();
381 CurrentRules.emplace_back(Rule);
382 return Ret;
383}
384
386 size_t RuleIdx = Result.RuleIdx;
387 assert(RuleIdx < CurrentRules.size() &&
388 "Trying to reference a rule that doesn't exist");
389 const SarifRule &Rule = CurrentRules[RuleIdx];
390 assert(Rule.DefaultConfiguration.Enabled &&
391 "Cannot add a result referencing a disabled Rule");
392 json::Object Ret{{"message", createMessage(Result.DiagnosticMessage)},
393 {"ruleIndex", static_cast<int64_t>(RuleIdx)},
394 {"ruleId", Rule.Id}};
395 if (!Result.Locations.empty()) {
396 json::Array Locs;
397 for (auto &Range : Result.Locations) {
398 Locs.emplace_back(createLocation(createPhysicalLocation(Range)));
399 }
400 Ret["locations"] = std::move(Locs);
401 }
402 if (!Result.ThreadFlows.empty())
403 Ret["codeFlows"] = json::Array{createCodeFlow(Result.ThreadFlows)};
404
405 Ret["level"] = resultLevelToStr(
406 Result.LevelOverride.value_or(Rule.DefaultConfiguration.Level));
407
408 json::Object &Run = getCurrentRun();
409 json::Array *Results = Run.getArray("results");
410 Results->emplace_back(std::move(Ret));
411}
412
414 // Flush all temporaries to their destinations if needed.
415 endRun();
416
417 json::Object Doc{
418 {"$schema", SchemaURI},
419 {"version", SchemaVersion},
420 };
421 if (!Runs.empty())
422 Doc["runs"] = json::Array(Runs);
423 return Doc;
424}
#define V(N, I)
Definition: ASTContext.h:3300
#define SM(sm)
Definition: Cuda.cpp:84
StringRef Text
Definition: Format.cpp:2977
StringRef Filename
Definition: Format.cpp:2976
unsigned Iter
Definition: HTMLLogger.cpp:154
static StringRef importanceToStr(ThreadFlowImportance I)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:174
static StringRef getFileName(FileEntryRef FE)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:38
json::Object createMessage(StringRef Text)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:144
static unsigned int adjustColumnPos(FullSourceLoc Loc, unsigned int TokenLen=0)
Calculate the column position expressed in the number of UTF-8 code points from column start to the s...
Definition: Sarif.cpp:117
static std::string percentEncodeURICharacter(char C)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:54
static json::Object createThreadFlowLocation(json::Object &&Location, const ThreadFlowImportance &Importance)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:202
static json::Object createLocation(json::Object &&PhysicalLocation, StringRef Message="")
Definition: Sarif.cpp:166
static json::Object createTextRegion(const SourceManager &SM, const CharSourceRange &R)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:150
static std::string fileNameToURI(StringRef Filename)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:71
static StringRef resultLevelToStr(SarifResultLevel R)
Definition: Sarif.cpp:186
Defines clang::SarifDocumentWriter, clang::SarifRule, clang::SarifResult.
SourceRange Range
Definition: SemaObjC.cpp:757
SourceLocation Loc
Definition: SemaObjC.cpp:758
static bool contains(const std::set< tok::TokenKind > &Terminators, const Token &Tok)
Definition: SourceCode.cpp:201
Defines the clang::SourceLocation class and associated facilities.
Defines the SourceManager interface.
Represents a character-granular source range.
SourceLocation getEnd() const
SourceLocation getBegin() const
A reference to a FileEntry that includes the name of the file as it was accessed by the FileManager's...
Definition: FileEntry.h:57
const FileEntry & getFileEntry() const
Definition: FileEntry.h:70
off_t getSize() const
Definition: FileEntry.h:340
StringRef getName() const
The name of this FileEntry.
Definition: FileEntry.h:61
StringRef tryGetRealPathName() const
Definition: FileEntry.h:324
A SourceLocation and its associated SourceManager.
void createRun(const llvm::StringRef ShortToolName, const llvm::StringRef LongToolName, const llvm::StringRef ToolVersion=CLANG_VERSION_STRING)
Create a new run with which any upcoming analysis will be associated.
Definition: Sarif.cpp:343
size_t createRule(const SarifRule &Rule)
Associate the given rule with the current run.
Definition: Sarif.cpp:379
llvm::json::Object createDocument()
Return the SARIF document in its current state.
Definition: Sarif.cpp:413
void endRun()
If there is a current run, end it.
Definition: Sarif.cpp:261
void appendResult(const SarifResult &SarifResult)
Append a new result to the currently in-flight run.
Definition: Sarif.cpp:385
A SARIF result (also called a "reporting item") is a unit of output produced when one of the tool's r...
Definition: Sarif.h:315
A SARIF rule (reportingDescriptor object) contains information that describes a reporting item genera...
Definition: Sarif.h:257
This class handles loading and caching of source files into memory.
A thread flow is a sequence of code locations that specify a possible path through a single thread of...
Definition: Sarif.h:175
SarifArtifactLocation setIndex(uint32_t Idx)
Definition: Sarif.h:86
Since every clang artifact MUST have a location (there being no nested artifacts),...
Definition: Sarif.h:104
SarifArtifact setMimeType(llvm::StringRef ArtifactMimeType)
Definition: Sarif.h:138
SarifArtifact setRoles(std::initializer_list< llvm::StringRef > ArtifactRoles)
Definition: Sarif.h:133
bool Ret(InterpState &S, CodePtr &PC, APValue &Result)
Definition: Interp.h:225
The JSON file list parser is used to communicate input to InstallAPI.
if(T->getSizeExpr()) TRY_TO(TraverseStmt(const_cast< Expr * >(T -> getSizeExpr())))
SarifResultLevel
The level of severity associated with a SarifResult.
Definition: Sarif.h:165
ThreadFlowImportance
Definition: Sarif.h:146
@ Result
The result type of a method or function.
Diagnostic wrappers for TextAPI types for error reporting.
Definition: Dominators.h:30