clang 19.0.0git
JSONCompilationDatabase.cpp
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1//===- JSONCompilationDatabase.cpp ----------------------------------------===//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// This file contains the implementation of the JSONCompilationDatabase.
10//
11//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
12
14#include "clang/Basic/LLVM.h"
18#include "llvm/ADT/STLExtras.h"
19#include "llvm/ADT/SmallString.h"
20#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
21#include "llvm/ADT/StringRef.h"
22#include "llvm/Support/Allocator.h"
23#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"
24#include "llvm/Support/CommandLine.h"
25#include "llvm/Support/ErrorOr.h"
26#include "llvm/Support/MemoryBuffer.h"
27#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
28#include "llvm/Support/StringSaver.h"
29#include "llvm/Support/VirtualFileSystem.h"
30#include "llvm/Support/YAMLParser.h"
31#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
32#include "llvm/TargetParser/Host.h"
33#include "llvm/TargetParser/Triple.h"
34#include <cassert>
35#include <memory>
36#include <optional>
37#include <string>
38#include <system_error>
39#include <tuple>
40#include <utility>
41#include <vector>
42
43using namespace clang;
44using namespace tooling;
45
46namespace {
47
48/// A parser for escaped strings of command line arguments.
49///
50/// Assumes \-escaping for quoted arguments (see the documentation of
51/// unescapeCommandLine(...)).
52class CommandLineArgumentParser {
53 public:
54 CommandLineArgumentParser(StringRef CommandLine)
55 : Input(CommandLine), Position(Input.begin()-1) {}
56
57 std::vector<std::string> parse() {
58 bool HasMoreInput = true;
59 while (HasMoreInput && nextNonWhitespace()) {
60 std::string Argument;
61 HasMoreInput = parseStringInto(Argument);
62 CommandLine.push_back(Argument);
63 }
64 return CommandLine;
65 }
66
67 private:
68 // All private methods return true if there is more input available.
69
70 bool parseStringInto(std::string &String) {
71 do {
72 if (*Position == '"') {
73 if (!parseDoubleQuotedStringInto(String)) return false;
74 } else if (*Position == '\'') {
75 if (!parseSingleQuotedStringInto(String)) return false;
76 } else {
77 if (!parseFreeStringInto(String)) return false;
78 }
79 } while (*Position != ' ');
80 return true;
81 }
82
83 bool parseDoubleQuotedStringInto(std::string &String) {
84 if (!next()) return false;
85 while (*Position != '"') {
86 if (!skipEscapeCharacter()) return false;
87 String.push_back(*Position);
88 if (!next()) return false;
89 }
90 return next();
91 }
92
93 bool parseSingleQuotedStringInto(std::string &String) {
94 if (!next()) return false;
95 while (*Position != '\'') {
96 String.push_back(*Position);
97 if (!next()) return false;
98 }
99 return next();
100 }
101
102 bool parseFreeStringInto(std::string &String) {
103 do {
104 if (!skipEscapeCharacter()) return false;
105 String.push_back(*Position);
106 if (!next()) return false;
107 } while (*Position != ' ' && *Position != '"' && *Position != '\'');
108 return true;
109 }
110
111 bool skipEscapeCharacter() {
112 if (*Position == '\\') {
113 return next();
114 }
115 return true;
116 }
117
118 bool nextNonWhitespace() {
119 do {
120 if (!next()) return false;
121 } while (*Position == ' ');
122 return true;
123 }
124
125 bool next() {
126 ++Position;
127 return Position != Input.end();
128 }
129
130 const StringRef Input;
131 StringRef::iterator Position;
132 std::vector<std::string> CommandLine;
133};
134
135std::vector<std::string> unescapeCommandLine(JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax,
136 StringRef EscapedCommandLine) {
137 if (Syntax == JSONCommandLineSyntax::AutoDetect) {
138#ifdef _WIN32
139 // Assume Windows command line parsing on Win32
140 Syntax = JSONCommandLineSyntax::Windows;
141#else
142 Syntax = JSONCommandLineSyntax::Gnu;
143#endif
144 }
145
146 if (Syntax == JSONCommandLineSyntax::Windows) {
147 llvm::BumpPtrAllocator Alloc;
148 llvm::StringSaver Saver(Alloc);
150 llvm::cl::TokenizeWindowsCommandLine(EscapedCommandLine, Saver, T);
151 std::vector<std::string> Result(T.begin(), T.end());
152 return Result;
153 }
154 assert(Syntax == JSONCommandLineSyntax::Gnu);
155 CommandLineArgumentParser parser(EscapedCommandLine);
156 return parser.parse();
157}
158
159// This plugin locates a nearby compile_command.json file, and also infers
160// compile commands for files not present in the database.
161class JSONCompilationDatabasePlugin : public CompilationDatabasePlugin {
162 std::unique_ptr<CompilationDatabase>
163 loadFromDirectory(StringRef Directory, std::string &ErrorMessage) override {
164 SmallString<1024> JSONDatabasePath(Directory);
165 llvm::sys::path::append(JSONDatabasePath, "compile_commands.json");
167 JSONDatabasePath, ErrorMessage, JSONCommandLineSyntax::AutoDetect);
170 std::move(Base), llvm::vfs::getRealFileSystem())))
171 : nullptr;
172 }
173};
174
175} // namespace
176
177// Register the JSONCompilationDatabasePlugin with the
178// CompilationDatabasePluginRegistry using this statically initialized variable.
179static CompilationDatabasePluginRegistry::Add<JSONCompilationDatabasePlugin>
180X("json-compilation-database", "Reads JSON formatted compilation databases");
181
182namespace clang {
183namespace tooling {
184
185// This anchor is used to force the linker to link in the generated object file
186// and thus register the JSONCompilationDatabasePlugin.
187volatile int JSONAnchorSource = 0;
188
189} // namespace tooling
190} // namespace clang
191
192std::unique_ptr<JSONCompilationDatabase>
194 std::string &ErrorMessage,
195 JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax) {
196 // Don't mmap: if we're a long-lived process, the build system may overwrite.
197 llvm::ErrorOr<std::unique_ptr<llvm::MemoryBuffer>> DatabaseBuffer =
198 llvm::MemoryBuffer::getFile(FilePath, /*IsText=*/false,
199 /*RequiresNullTerminator=*/true,
200 /*IsVolatile=*/true);
201 if (std::error_code Result = DatabaseBuffer.getError()) {
202 ErrorMessage = "Error while opening JSON database: " + Result.message();
203 return nullptr;
204 }
205 std::unique_ptr<JSONCompilationDatabase> Database(
206 new JSONCompilationDatabase(std::move(*DatabaseBuffer), Syntax));
207 if (!Database->parse(ErrorMessage))
208 return nullptr;
209 return Database;
210}
211
212std::unique_ptr<JSONCompilationDatabase>
214 std::string &ErrorMessage,
215 JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax) {
216 std::unique_ptr<llvm::MemoryBuffer> DatabaseBuffer(
217 llvm::MemoryBuffer::getMemBufferCopy(DatabaseString));
218 std::unique_ptr<JSONCompilationDatabase> Database(
219 new JSONCompilationDatabase(std::move(DatabaseBuffer), Syntax));
220 if (!Database->parse(ErrorMessage))
221 return nullptr;
222 return Database;
223}
224
225std::vector<CompileCommand>
227 SmallString<128> NativeFilePath;
228 llvm::sys::path::native(FilePath, NativeFilePath);
229
230 std::string Error;
231 llvm::raw_string_ostream ES(Error);
232 StringRef Match = MatchTrie.findEquivalent(NativeFilePath, ES);
233 if (Match.empty())
234 return {};
235 const auto CommandsRefI = IndexByFile.find(Match);
236 if (CommandsRefI == IndexByFile.end())
237 return {};
238 std::vector<CompileCommand> Commands;
239 getCommands(CommandsRefI->getValue(), Commands);
240 return Commands;
241}
242
243std::vector<std::string>
245 std::vector<std::string> Result;
246 for (const auto &CommandRef : IndexByFile)
247 Result.push_back(CommandRef.first().str());
248 return Result;
249}
250
251std::vector<CompileCommand>
253 std::vector<CompileCommand> Commands;
254 getCommands(AllCommands, Commands);
255 return Commands;
256}
257
258static llvm::StringRef stripExecutableExtension(llvm::StringRef Name) {
259 Name.consume_back(".exe");
260 return Name;
261}
262
263// There are compiler-wrappers (ccache, distcc, gomacc) that take the "real"
264// compiler as an argument, e.g. distcc gcc -O3 foo.c.
265// These end up in compile_commands.json when people set CC="distcc gcc".
266// Clang's driver doesn't understand this, so we need to unwrap.
267static bool unwrapCommand(std::vector<std::string> &Args) {
268 if (Args.size() < 2)
269 return false;
270 StringRef Wrapper =
271 stripExecutableExtension(llvm::sys::path::filename(Args.front()));
272 if (Wrapper == "distcc" || Wrapper == "gomacc" || Wrapper == "ccache" ||
273 Wrapper == "sccache") {
274 // Most of these wrappers support being invoked 3 ways:
275 // `distcc g++ file.c` This is the mode we're trying to match.
276 // We need to drop `distcc`.
277 // `distcc file.c` This acts like compiler is cc or similar.
278 // Clang's driver can handle this, no change needed.
279 // `g++ file.c` g++ is a symlink to distcc.
280 // We don't even notice this case, and all is well.
281 //
282 // We need to distinguish between the first and second case.
283 // The wrappers themselves don't take flags, so Args[1] is a compiler flag,
284 // an input file, or a compiler. Inputs have extensions, compilers don't.
285 bool HasCompiler =
286 (Args[1][0] != '-') &&
287 !llvm::sys::path::has_extension(stripExecutableExtension(Args[1]));
288 if (HasCompiler) {
289 Args.erase(Args.begin());
290 return true;
291 }
292 // If !HasCompiler, wrappers act like GCC. Fine: so do we.
293 }
294 return false;
295}
296
297static std::vector<std::string>
299 const std::vector<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *> &Nodes) {
300 SmallString<1024> Storage;
301 std::vector<std::string> Arguments;
302 if (Nodes.size() == 1)
303 Arguments = unescapeCommandLine(Syntax, Nodes[0]->getValue(Storage));
304 else
305 for (const auto *Node : Nodes)
306 Arguments.push_back(std::string(Node->getValue(Storage)));
307 // There may be multiple wrappers: using distcc and ccache together is common.
308 while (unwrapCommand(Arguments))
309 ;
310 return Arguments;
311}
312
313void JSONCompilationDatabase::getCommands(
314 ArrayRef<CompileCommandRef> CommandsRef,
315 std::vector<CompileCommand> &Commands) const {
316 for (const auto &CommandRef : CommandsRef) {
317 SmallString<8> DirectoryStorage;
318 SmallString<32> FilenameStorage;
319 SmallString<32> OutputStorage;
320 auto Output = std::get<3>(CommandRef);
321 Commands.emplace_back(
322 std::get<0>(CommandRef)->getValue(DirectoryStorage),
323 std::get<1>(CommandRef)->getValue(FilenameStorage),
324 nodeToCommandLine(Syntax, std::get<2>(CommandRef)),
325 Output ? Output->getValue(OutputStorage) : "");
326 }
327}
328
329bool JSONCompilationDatabase::parse(std::string &ErrorMessage) {
330 llvm::yaml::document_iterator I = YAMLStream.begin();
331 if (I == YAMLStream.end()) {
332 ErrorMessage = "Error while parsing YAML.";
333 return false;
334 }
335 llvm::yaml::Node *Root = I->getRoot();
336 if (!Root) {
337 ErrorMessage = "Error while parsing YAML.";
338 return false;
339 }
340 auto *Array = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::SequenceNode>(Root);
341 if (!Array) {
342 ErrorMessage = "Expected array.";
343 return false;
344 }
345 for (auto &NextObject : *Array) {
346 auto *Object = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::MappingNode>(&NextObject);
347 if (!Object) {
348 ErrorMessage = "Expected object.";
349 return false;
350 }
351 llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *Directory = nullptr;
352 std::optional<std::vector<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *>> Command;
353 llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *File = nullptr;
354 llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *Output = nullptr;
355 for (auto& NextKeyValue : *Object) {
356 auto *KeyString = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode>(NextKeyValue.getKey());
357 if (!KeyString) {
358 ErrorMessage = "Expected strings as key.";
359 return false;
360 }
361 SmallString<10> KeyStorage;
362 StringRef KeyValue = KeyString->getValue(KeyStorage);
363 llvm::yaml::Node *Value = NextKeyValue.getValue();
364 if (!Value) {
365 ErrorMessage = "Expected value.";
366 return false;
367 }
368 auto *ValueString = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode>(Value);
369 auto *SequenceString = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::SequenceNode>(Value);
370 if (KeyValue == "arguments") {
371 if (!SequenceString) {
372 ErrorMessage = "Expected sequence as value.";
373 return false;
374 }
375 Command = std::vector<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *>();
376 for (auto &Argument : *SequenceString) {
377 auto *Scalar = dyn_cast<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode>(&Argument);
378 if (!Scalar) {
379 ErrorMessage = "Only strings are allowed in 'arguments'.";
380 return false;
381 }
382 Command->push_back(Scalar);
383 }
384 } else {
385 if (!ValueString) {
386 ErrorMessage = "Expected string as value.";
387 return false;
388 }
389 if (KeyValue == "directory") {
390 Directory = ValueString;
391 } else if (KeyValue == "command") {
392 if (!Command)
393 Command = std::vector<llvm::yaml::ScalarNode *>(1, ValueString);
394 } else if (KeyValue == "file") {
395 File = ValueString;
396 } else if (KeyValue == "output") {
397 Output = ValueString;
398 } else {
399 ErrorMessage =
400 ("Unknown key: \"" + KeyString->getRawValue() + "\"").str();
401 return false;
402 }
403 }
404 }
405 if (!File) {
406 ErrorMessage = "Missing key: \"file\".";
407 return false;
408 }
409 if (!Command) {
410 ErrorMessage = "Missing key: \"command\" or \"arguments\".";
411 return false;
412 }
413 if (!Directory) {
414 ErrorMessage = "Missing key: \"directory\".";
415 return false;
416 }
417 SmallString<8> FileStorage;
418 StringRef FileName = File->getValue(FileStorage);
419 SmallString<128> NativeFilePath;
420 if (llvm::sys::path::is_relative(FileName)) {
421 SmallString<8> DirectoryStorage;
422 SmallString<128> AbsolutePath(Directory->getValue(DirectoryStorage));
423 llvm::sys::path::append(AbsolutePath, FileName);
424 llvm::sys::path::native(AbsolutePath, NativeFilePath);
425 } else {
426 llvm::sys::path::native(FileName, NativeFilePath);
427 }
428 llvm::sys::path::remove_dots(NativeFilePath, /*remove_dot_dot=*/true);
429 auto Cmd = CompileCommandRef(Directory, File, *Command, Output);
430 IndexByFile[NativeFilePath].push_back(Cmd);
431 AllCommands.push_back(Cmd);
432 MatchTrie.insert(NativeFilePath);
433 }
434 return true;
435}
BoundNodesTreeBuilder Nodes
DynTypedNode Node
CompileCommand Cmd
#define X(type, name)
Definition: Value.h:142
static std::vector< std::string > nodeToCommandLine(JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax, const std::vector< llvm::yaml::ScalarNode * > &Nodes)
static bool unwrapCommand(std::vector< std::string > &Args)
static llvm::StringRef stripExecutableExtension(llvm::StringRef Name)
Forward-declares and imports various common LLVM datatypes that clang wants to use unqualified.
Interface for compilation database plugins.
virtual std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > loadFromDirectory(StringRef Directory, std::string &ErrorMessage)=0
Loads a compilation database from a build directory.
StringRef findEquivalent(StringRef FileName, raw_ostream &Error) const
Finds the corresponding file in this trie.
void insert(StringRef NewPath)
Insert a new absolute path. Relative paths are ignored.
std::vector< CompileCommand > getCompileCommands(StringRef FilePath) const override
Returns all compile commands in which the specified file was compiled.
static std::unique_ptr< JSONCompilationDatabase > loadFromBuffer(StringRef DatabaseString, std::string &ErrorMessage, JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax)
Loads a JSON compilation database from a data buffer.
std::vector< std::string > getAllFiles() const override
Returns the list of all files available in the compilation database.
static std::unique_ptr< JSONCompilationDatabase > loadFromFile(StringRef FilePath, std::string &ErrorMessage, JSONCommandLineSyntax Syntax)
Loads a JSON compilation database from the specified file.
std::vector< CompileCommand > getAllCompileCommands() const override
Returns all compile commands for all the files in the compilation database.
JSONCommandLineSyntax
A JSON based compilation database.
std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > expandResponseFiles(std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > Base, llvm::IntrusiveRefCntPtr< llvm::vfs::FileSystem > FS)
Returns a wrapped CompilationDatabase that will expand all rsp(response) files on commandline returne...
std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > inferTargetAndDriverMode(std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > Base)
Returns a wrapped CompilationDatabase that will add -target and -mode flags to commandline when they ...
std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase > inferMissingCompileCommands(std::unique_ptr< CompilationDatabase >)
Returns a wrapped CompilationDatabase that defers to the provided one, but getCompileCommands() will ...
The JSON file list parser is used to communicate input to InstallAPI.
@ Result
The result type of a method or function.