Clang 19.0.0git (In-Progress) Release Notes

Written by the LLVM Team


These are in-progress notes for the upcoming Clang 19 release. Release notes for previous releases can be found on the Releases Page.


This document contains the release notes for the Clang C/C++/Objective-C frontend, part of the LLVM Compiler Infrastructure, release 19.0.0git. Here we describe the status of Clang in some detail, including major improvements from the previous release and new feature work. For the general LLVM release notes, see the LLVM documentation. For the libc++ release notes, see this page. All LLVM releases may be downloaded from the LLVM releases web site.

For more information about Clang or LLVM, including information about the latest release, please see the Clang Web Site or the LLVM Web Site.

Potentially Breaking Changes

These changes are ones which we think may surprise users when upgrading to Clang 19.0.0git because of the opportunity they pose for disruption to existing code bases.

  • Setting the deprecated CMake variable GCC_INSTALL_PREFIX (which sets the default --gcc-toolchain=) now leads to a fatal error.

C/C++ Language Potentially Breaking Changes

C++ Specific Potentially Breaking Changes

  • Clang now diagnoses function/variable templates that shadow their own template parameters, e.g. template<class T> void T();. This error can be disabled via -Wno-strict-primary-template-shadow for compatibility with previous versions of clang.

  • The behavior controlled by the -frelaxed-template-template-args flag is now on by default, and the flag is deprecated. Until the flag is finally removed, it’s negative spelling can be used to obtain compatibility with previous versions of clang. The deprecation warning for the negative spelling can be disabled with -Wno-deprecated-no-relaxed-template-template-args.

  • Clang now rejects pointer to member from parenthesized expression in unevaluated context such as decltype(&(foo::bar)). (#40906).

  • Clang now performs semantic analysis for unary operators with dependent operands that are known to be of non-class non-enumeration type prior to instantiation.

ABI Changes in This Version

  • Fixed Microsoft name mangling of implicitly defined variables used for thread safe static initialization of static local variables. This change resolves incompatibilities with code compiled by MSVC but might introduce incompatibilities with code compiled by earlier versions of Clang when an inline member function that contains a static local variable with a dynamic initializer is declared with __declspec(dllimport). (#83616).

  • Fixed Microsoft name mangling of lifetime extended temporary objects. This change corrects missing back reference registrations that could result in incorrect back reference indexes and suprising demangled name results. Since MSVC uses a different mangling for these objects, compatibility is not affected. (#85423).

  • Fixed Microsoft calling convention for returning certain classes with a templated constructor. If a class has a templated constructor, it should be returned indirectly even if it meets all the other requirements for returning a class in a register. This affects some uses of std::pair. (#86384).

  • Fixed Microsoft calling convention when returning classes that have a deleted copy assignment operator. Such a class should be returned indirectly.

AST Dumping Potentially Breaking Changes

Clang Frontend Potentially Breaking Changes

  • Removed support for constructing on-stack TemplateArgumentLists; interfaces should instead use ArrayRef<TemplateArgument> to pass template arguments. Transitioning internal uses to ArrayRef<TemplateArgument> reduces AST memory usage by 0.4% when compiling clang, and is expected to show similar improvements on other workloads.

  • The -Wgnu-binary-literal diagnostic group no longer controls any diagnostics. Binary literals are no longer a GNU extension, they’re now a C23 extension which is controlled via -pedantic or -Wc23-extensions. Use of -Wno-gnu-binary-literal will no longer silence this pedantic warning, which may break existing uses with -Werror.

  • The normalization of 3 element target triples where -none- is the middle element has changed. For example, armv7m-none-eabi previously normalized to armv7m-none-unknown-eabi, with none for the vendor and unknown for the operating system. It now normalizes to armv7m-unknown-none-eabi, which has unknown vendor and none operating system.

    The affected triples are primarily for bare metal Arm where it is intended that none means that there is no operating system. As opposed to an unknown type of operating system.

    This change my cause clang to not find libraries, or libraries to be built at different file system locations. This can be fixed by changing your builds to use the new normalized triple. However, we recommend instead getting the normalized triple from clang itself, as this will make your builds more robust in case of future changes:

    $ clang --target=<your target triple> -print-target-triple
    <the normalized target triple>
  • The hasTypeLoc AST matcher will no longer match a classTemplateSpecializationDecl; existing uses should switch to templateArgumentLoc or hasAnyTemplateArgumentLoc instead.

What’s New in Clang 19.0.0git?

Some of the major new features and improvements to Clang are listed here. Generic improvements to Clang as a whole or to its underlying infrastructure are described first, followed by language-specific sections with improvements to Clang’s support for those languages.

C++ Language Changes

  • C++17 support is now completed, with the enablement of the relaxed temlate template argument matching rules introduced in P0522, which was retroactively applied as a defect report. While the implementation already existed since Clang 4, it was turned off by default, and was controlled with the -frelaxed-template-template-args flag. In this release, we implement provisional wording for a core defect on P0522 (CWG2398), which avoids the most serious compatibility issues caused by it, allowing us to enable it by default in this release. The flag is now deprecated, and will be removed in the next release, but can still be used to turn it off and regain compatibility with previous versions (#36505).

  • Implemented _BitInt literal suffixes __wb or __WB as a Clang extension with unsigned modifiers also allowed. (#85223).

C++17 Feature Support

  • Clang now exposes __GCC_DESTRUCTIVE_SIZE and __GCC_CONSTRUCTIVE_SIZE predefined macros to support standard library implementations of std::hardware_destructive_interference_size and std::hardware_constructive_interference_size, respectively. These macros are predefined in all C and C++ language modes. The values the macros expand to are not stable between releases of Clang and do not need to match the values produced by GCC, so these macros should not be used from header files because they may not be stable across multiple TUs (the values may vary based on compiler version as well as CPU tuning). #60174

C++20 Feature Support

  • Clang won’t perform ODR checks for decls in the global module fragment any more to ease the implementation and improve the user’s using experience. This follows the MSVC’s behavior. Users interested in testing the more strict behavior can use the flag ‘-Xclang -fno-skip-odr-check-in-gmf’. (#79240).

  • Implemented the __is_layout_compatible and __is_pointer_interconvertible_base_of intrinsics to support P0466R5: Layout-compatibility and Pointer-interconvertibility Traits.

  • Clang now implements [module.import]p7 fully. Clang now will import module units transitively for the module units coming from the same module of the current module units. Fixes #84002

  • Initial support for class template argument deduction (CTAD) for type alias templates (P1814R0). (#54051).

  • We have sufficient confidence and experience with the concepts implementation to update the __cpp_concepts macro to 202002L. This enables <expected> from libstdc++ to work correctly with Clang.

C++23 Feature Support

C++2c Feature Support

Resolutions to C++ Defect Reports

C Language Changes

C23 Feature Support

  • No longer diagnose use of binary literals as an extension in C23 mode. Fixes #72017.

  • Corrected parsing behavior for the alignas specifier/qualifier in C23. We previously handled it as an attribute as in C++, but there are parsing differences. The behavioral differences are:

    struct alignas(8) /* was accepted, now rejected */ S {
      char alignas(8) /* was rejected, now accepted */ C;
    int i alignas(8) /* was accepted, now rejected */ ;

    Fixes (#81472).

  • Clang now generates predefined macros of the form __TYPE_FMTB__ and __TYPE_FMTb__ (e.g., __UINT_FAST64_FMTB__) in C23 mode for use with macros typically exposed from <inttypes.h>, such as PRIb8. (#81896)

  • Clang now supports N3018 The constexpr specifier for object definitions <>`_.

  • Properly promote bit-fields of bit-precise integer types to the field’s type rather than to int. #87641

Non-comprehensive list of changes in this release

  • Added __builtin_readsteadycounter for reading fixed frequency hardware counters.

  • __builtin_addc, __builtin_subc, and the other sizes of those builtins are now constexpr and may be used in constant expressions.

  • Added __builtin_popcountg as a type-generic alternative to __builtin_popcount{,l,ll} with support for any unsigned integer type. Like the previous builtins, this new builtin is constexpr and may be used in constant expressions.

  • Lambda expressions are now accepted in C++03 mode as an extension.

  • Added __builtin_clzg and __builtin_ctzg as type-generic alternatives to __builtin_clz{,s,l,ll} and __builtin_ctz{,s,l,ll} respectively, with support for any unsigned integer type. Like the previous builtins, these new builtins are constexpr and may be used in constant expressions.

  • __typeof_unqual__ is available in all C modes as an extension, which behaves like typeof_unqual from C23, similar to __typeof__ and typeof.

  • __builtin_reduce_{add|mul|xor|or|and|min|max} builtins now support scalable vectors.

  • Shared libraries linked with either the -ffast-math, -Ofast, or -funsafe-math-optimizations flags will no longer enable flush-to-zero floating-point mode by default. This decision can be overridden with use of -mdaz-ftz. This behavior now matches GCC’s behavior. (#57589)

  • -fdenormal-fp-math=preserve-sign is no longer implied by -ffast-math on x86 systems.

  • Builtins __builtin_shufflevector() and __builtin_convertvector() may now be used within constant expressions.

New Compiler Flags

  • -fsanitize=implicit-bitfield-conversion checks implicit truncation and sign change.

  • -fsanitize=implicit-integer-conversion a group that replaces the previous group -fsanitize=implicit-conversion.

  • -Wmissing-designated-field-initializers, grouped under -Wmissing-field-initializers. This diagnostic can be disabled to make -Wmissing-field-initializers behave like it did before Clang 18.x. Fixes #56628

  • -fexperimental-modules-reduced-bmi enables the Reduced BMI for C++20 named modules. See the document of standard C++ modules for details.

  • -fexperimental-late-parse-attributes enables an experimental feature to allow late parsing certain attributes in specific contexts where they would not normally be late parsed.

  • -fseparate-named-sections uses separate unique sections for global symbols in named special sections (i.e. symbols annotated with __attribute__((section(...))). This enables linker GC to collect unused symbols without having to use a per-symbol section.

Deprecated Compiler Flags

Modified Compiler Flags

  • Added a new diagnostic flag -Wreturn-mismatch which is grouped under -Wreturn-type, and moved some of the diagnostics previously controlled by -Wreturn-type under this new flag. Fixes #72116.

  • -fsanitize=implicit-conversion is now a group for both -fsanitize=implicit-integer-conversion and -fsanitize=implicit-bitfield-conversion.

  • Added -Wcast-function-type-mismatch under the -Wcast-function-type warning group. Moved the diagnostic previously controlled by -Wcast-function-type to the new warning group and added -Wcast-function-type-mismatch to -Wextra. #76872

    int x(long);
    typedef int (f2)(void*);
    typedef int (f3)();
    void func(void) {
      // Diagnoses under -Wcast-function-type, -Wcast-function-type-mismatch,
      // -Wcast-function-type-strict, -Wextra
      f2 *b = (f2 *)x;
      // Diagnoses under -Wcast-function-type, -Wcast-function-type-strict
      f3 *c = (f3 *)x;
  • Carved out -Wformat warning about scoped enums into a subwarning and make it controlled by -Wformat-pedantic. Fixes #88595.

  • Trivial infinite loops (i.e loops with a constant controlling expresion evaluating to true and an empty body such as while(1);) are considered infinite, even when the -ffinite-loop flag is set.

Removed Compiler Flags

  • The -freroll-loops flag has been removed. It had no effect since Clang 13.

  • -m[no-]unaligned-access is removed for RISC-V and LoongArch. -m[no-]strict-align, also supported by GCC, should be used instead. (#85350)

Attribute Changes in Clang

  • Introduced a new function attribute __attribute__((amdgpu_max_num_work_groups(x, y, z))) or [[clang::amdgpu_max_num_work_groups(x, y, z)]] for the AMDGPU target. This attribute can be attached to HIP or OpenCL kernel function definitions to provide an optimization hint. The parameters x, y, and z specify the maximum number of workgroups for the respective dimensions, and each must be a positive integer when provided. The parameter x is required, while y and z are optional with default value of 1.

  • The swiftasynccc attribute is now considered to be a Clang extension rather than a language standard feature. Please use __has_extension(swiftasynccc) to check the availability of this attribute for the target platform instead of __has_feature(swiftasynccc). Also, added a new extension query __has_extension(swiftcc) corresponding to the __attribute__((swiftcc)) attribute.

  • The _Nullable and _Nonnull family of type attributes can now apply to certain C++ class types, such as smart pointers: void useObject(std::unique_ptr<Object> _Nonnull obj);.

    This works for standard library types including unique_ptr, shared_ptr, and function. See the attribute reference documentation for the full list.

  • The _Nullable attribute can be applied to C++ class declarations: template <class T> class _Nullable MySmartPointer {};.

    This allows the _Nullable and _Nonnull family of type attributes to apply to this class.

  • Clang now warns that the exclude_from_explicit_instantiation attribute is ignored when applied to a local class or a member thereof.

  • The clspv_libclc_builtin attribute has been added to allow clspv (OpenCL-C to Vulkan SPIR-V compiler) to identify functions coming from libclc (OpenCL-C builtin library).

Improvements to Clang’s diagnostics

  • Clang now applies syntax highlighting to the code snippets it prints.

  • Clang now diagnoses member template declarations with multiple declarators.

  • Clang now diagnoses use of the template keyword after declarative nested name specifiers.

  • The -Wshorten-64-to-32 diagnostic is now grouped under -Wimplicit-int-conversion instead

    of -Wconversion. Fixes #69444.

  • Clang now uses thousand separators when printing large numbers in integer overflow diagnostics. Fixes #80939.

  • Clang now diagnoses friend declarations with an enum elaborated-type-specifier in language modes after C++98.

  • Added diagnostics for C11 keywords being incompatible with language standards before C11, under a new warning group: -Wpre-c11-compat.

  • Now diagnoses an enumeration constant whose value is larger than can be represented by unsigned long long, which can happen with a large constant using the wb or uwb suffix. The maximal underlying type is currently unsigned long long, but this behavior may change in the future when Clang implements WG14 N3029. (#69352).

  • Clang now diagnoses extraneous template parameter lists as a language extension.

  • Clang now diagnoses declarative nested name specifiers that name alias templates.

  • Clang now diagnoses lambda function expressions being implicitly cast to boolean values, under -Wpointer-bool-conversion. Fixes #82512.

  • Clang now provides improved warnings for the cleanup attribute to detect misuse scenarios, such as attempting to call free on an unallocated object. Fixes #79443.

  • Clang no longer warns when the bitand operator is used with boolean operands, distinguishing it from potential typographical errors or unintended bitwise operations. Fixes #77601.

  • Clang now correctly diagnoses no arguments to a variadic macro parameter as a C23/C++20 extension. Fixes #84495.

  • Clang no longer emits a -Wexit-time destructors warning on static variables explicitly annotated with the clang::always_destroy attribute. Fixes #68686, #86486

  • -Wmicrosoft, -Wgnu, or -pedantic is now required to diagnose C99 flexible array members in a union or alone in a struct. Fixes GH#84565.

  • Clang now no longer diagnoses type definitions in offsetof in C23 mode. Fixes #83658.

  • New -Wformat-signedness diagnostic that warn if the format string requires an unsigned argument and the argument is signed and vice versa.

  • Clang now emits unused argument warning when the -fmodule-output flag is used with an input that is not of type c++-module.

  • Clang emits a -Wreturn-stack-address warning if a function returns a pointer or reference to a struct literal. Fixes #8678

  • Clang emits a -Wunused-but-set-variable warning on C++ variables whose declaration (with initializer) entirely consist the condition expression of a if/while/for construct but are not actually used in the body of the if/while/for construct. Fixes #41447

  • Clang emits a diagnostic when a tentative array definition is assumed to have a single element, but that diagnostic was never given a diagnostic group. Added the -Wtentative-definition-array warning group to cover this. Fixes #87766

  • Clang now uses the correct type-parameter-key (class or typename) when printing template template parameter declarations.

  • Clang now diagnoses requires expressions with explicit object parameters.

  • Clang now looks up members of the current instantiation in the template definition context if the current instantiation has no dependent base classes.

    template<typename T>
    struct A {
      int f() {
        return this->x; // error: no member named 'x' in 'A<T>'
  • Clang emits a -Wparentheses warning for expressions with consecutive comparisons like x < y < z. Fixes #20456.

Improvements to Clang’s time-trace

  • Clang now specifies that using auto in a lambda parameter is a C++14 extension when appropriate. (#46059:).

Bug Fixes in This Version

  • Clang’s -Wundefined-func-template no longer warns on pure virtual functions. (#74016)

  • Fixed missing warnings when comparing mismatched enumeration constants in C (#29217)

  • Clang now accepts elaborated-type-specifiers that explicitly specialize a member class template for an implicit instantiation of a class template.

  • Fixed missing warnings when doing bool-like conversions in C23 (#79435).

  • Clang’s -Wshadow no longer warns when an init-capture is named the same as a class field unless the lambda can capture this. Fixes (#71976)

  • Clang now accepts qualified partial/explicit specializations of variable templates that are not nominable in the lookup context of the specialization.

  • Clang now doesn’t produce false-positive warning -Wconstant-logical-operand for logical operators in C23. Fixes (#64356).

  • __is_trivially_relocatable no longer returns false for volatile-qualified types. Fixes (#77091).

  • Clang no longer produces a false-positive -Wunused-variable warning for variables created through copy initialization having side-effects in C++17 and later. Fixes (#64356) (#79518).

  • Fix value of predefined macro __FUNCTION__ in MSVC compatibility mode. Fixes (#66114).

  • Clang now emits errors for explicit specializations/instatiations of lambda call operator. Fixes (#83267).

  • Fix crash on ill-formed partial specialization with CRTP. Fixes (#89374).

  • Clang now correctly generates overloads for bit-precise integer types for builtin operators in C++. Fixes #82998.

  • Fix crash when destructor definition is preceded with an equals sign. Fixes (#89544).

  • When performing mixed arithmetic between _Complex floating-point types and integers, Clang now correctly promotes the integer to its corresponding real floating-point type only rather than to the complex type (e.g. _Complex float / int is now evaluated as _Complex float / float rather than _Complex float / _Complex float), as mandated by the C standard. This significantly improves codegen of * and / especially. Fixes #31205.

  • Fixes an assertion failure on invalid code when trying to define member functions in lambdas.

  • Fixed a regression in CTAD that a friend declaration that befriends itself may cause incorrect constraint substitution. (#86769).

  • Fixed an assertion failure on invalid InitListExpr in C89 mode (#88008).

  • Fixed missing destructor calls when we branch from middle of an expression. This could happen through a branch in stmt-expr or in an expression containing a coroutine suspension. Fixes (#63818) (#88478).

  • Clang will no longer diagnose an erroneous non-dependent switch condition during instantiation, and instead will only diagnose it once, during checking of the function template.

  • Clang now allows the value of unroll count to be zero in #pragma GCC unroll and #pragma unroll. The values of 0 and 1 block any unrolling of the loop. This keeps the same behavior with GCC. Fixes (#88624).

  • Clang will no longer emit a duplicate -Wunused-value warning for an expression (A, B) which evaluates to glvalue B that can be converted to non ODR-use. (#45783)

  • Clang now correctly disallows VLA type compound literals, e.g. (int[size]){}, as the C standard mandates. (#89835)

  • __is_array and __is_bounded_array no longer return true for zero-sized arrays. Fixes (#54705).

Bug Fixes to Compiler Builtins

Bug Fixes to Attribute Support

Bug Fixes to C++ Support

  • Fix crash when calling the constructor of an invalid class. (#10518) (#67914) (#78388)

  • Fix crash when using lifetimebound attribute in function with trailing return. (#73619)

  • Addressed an issue where constraints involving injected class types are perceived distinct from its specialization types. (#56482)

  • Fixed a bug where variables referenced by requires-clauses inside nested generic lambdas were not properly injected into the constraint scope. (#73418)

  • Fixed a crash where substituting into a requires-expression that refers to function parameters during the equivalence determination of two constraint expressions. (#74447)

  • Fixed deducing auto& from const int in template parameters of partial specializations. (#77189)

  • Fix for crash when using a erroneous type in a return statement. (#63244) (#79745)

  • Fixed an out-of-bounds error caused by building a recovery expression for ill-formed function calls while substituting into constraints. (#58548)

  • Fix incorrect code generation caused by the object argument of static operator() and static operator[] calls not being evaluated. (#67976)

  • Fix crash and diagnostic with const qualified member operator new. Fixes (#79748)

  • Fixed a crash where substituting into a requires-expression that involves parameter packs during the equivalence determination of two constraint expressions. (#72557)

  • Fix a crash when specializing an out-of-line member function with a default parameter where we did an incorrect specialization of the initialization of the default parameter. (#68490)

  • Fix a crash when trying to call a varargs function that also has an explicit object parameter. Fixes (#80971)

  • Reject explicit object parameters on new and delete operators. (#82249)

  • Fix a crash when trying to call a varargs function that also has an explicit object parameter. (#80971)

  • Fixed a bug where abbreviated function templates would append their invented template parameters to an empty template parameter lists.

  • Fix parsing of abominable function types inside type traits. Fixes #77585

  • Clang now classifies aggregate initialization in C++17 and newer as constant or non-constant more accurately. Previously, only a subset of the initializer elements were considered, misclassifying some initializers as constant. Partially fixes #80510.

  • Clang now ignores top-level cv-qualifiers on function parameters in template partial orderings. (#75404)

  • No longer reject valid use of the _Alignas specifier when declaring a local variable, which is supported as a C11 extension in C++. Previously, it was only accepted at namespace scope but not at local function scope.

  • Clang no longer tries to call consteval constructors at runtime when they appear in a member initializer. (#82154)

  • Fix crash when using an immediate-escalated function at global scope. (#82258)

  • Correctly immediate-escalate lambda conversion functions. (#82258)

  • Fixed an issue where template parameters of a nested abbreviated generic lambda within a requires-clause lie at the same depth as those of the surrounding lambda. This, in turn, results in the wrong template argument substitution during constraint checking. (#78524)

  • Clang no longer instantiates the exception specification of discarded candidate function templates when determining the primary template of an explicit specialization.

  • Fixed a crash in Microsoft compatibility mode where unqualified dependent base class lookup searches the bases of an incomplete class.

  • Fix a crash when an unresolved overload set is encountered on the RHS of a .* operator. (#53815)

  • In __restrict-qualified member functions, attach __restrict to the pointer type of this rather than the pointee type. Fixes (#82941), (#42411) and (#18121).

  • Clang now properly reports supported C++11 attributes when using __has_cpp_attribute and parses attributes with arguments in C++03 (#82995)

  • Clang now properly diagnoses missing ‘default’ template arguments on a variety of templates. Previously we were diagnosing on any non-function template instead of only on class, alias, and variable templates, as last updated by CWG2032. Fixes (#83461)

  • Fixed an issue where an attribute on a declarator would cause the attribute to be destructed prematurely. This fixes a pair of Chromium that were brought to our attention by an attempt to fix in (#77703). Fixes (#83385).

  • Fix evaluation of some immediate calls in default arguments. Fixes (#80630)

  • Fixed an issue where the RequiresExprBody was involved in the lambda dependency calculation. (#56556), (#82849).

  • Fix a bug where overload resolution falsely reported an ambiguity when it was comparing a member-function against a non member function or a member-function with an explicit object parameter against a member function with no explicit object parameter when one of the function had more specialized templates. Fixes #82509 and #74494

  • Clang now supports direct lambda calls inside of a type alias template declarations. This addresses (#70601), (#76674), (#79555), (#81145) and (#82104).

  • Allow access to a public template alias declaration that refers to friend’s private nested type. (#25708).

  • Fixed a crash in constant evaluation when trying to access a captured this pointer in a lambda with an explicit object parameter. Fixes (#80997)

  • Fix an issue where missing set friend declaration in template class instantiation. Fixes (#84368).

  • Fixed a crash while checking constraints of a trailing requires-expression of a lambda, that the expression references to an entity declared outside of the lambda. (#64808)

  • Clang’s __builtin_bit_cast will now produce a constant value for records with empty bases. See: (#82383)

  • Fix a crash when instantiating a lambda that captures this outside of its context. Fixes (#85343).

  • Fix an issue where a namespace alias could be defined using a qualified name (all name components following the first :: were ignored).

  • Fix an out-of-bounds crash when checking the validity of template partial specializations. (part of #86757).

  • Fix an issue caused by not handling invalid cases when substituting into the parameter mapping of a constraint. Fixes (#86757).

  • Fixed a bug that prevented member function templates of class templates declared with a deduced return type from being explicitly specialized for a given implicit instantiation of the class template.

  • Fixed a crash when this is used in a dependent class scope function template specialization that instantiates to a static member function.

  • Fix crash when inheriting from a cv-qualified type. Fixes #35603

  • Fix a crash when the using enum declaration uses an anonymous enumeration. Fixes (#86790).

  • Handled an edge case in getFullyPackExpandedSize so that we now avoid a false-positive diagnostic. (#84220)

  • Clang now correctly tracks type dependence of by-value captures in lambdas with an explicit object parameter. Fixes (#70604), (#79754), (#84163), (#84425), (#86054), (#86398), and (#86399).

  • Fix a crash when deducing auto from an invalid dereference (#88329).

  • Fix a crash in requires expression with templated base class member function. Fixes (#84020).

  • Fix a crash caused by defined struct in a type alias template when the structure has fields with dependent type. Fixes (#75221).

  • Fix the Itanium mangling of lambdas defined in a member of a local class (#88906)

  • Fixed a crash when trying to evaluate a user-defined static_assert message whose size() function returns a large or negative value. Fixes (#89407).

  • Fixed a use-after-free bug in parsing of type constraints with default arguments that involve lambdas. (#67235)

  • Fixed bug in which the body of a consteval lambda within a template was not parsed as within an immediate function context.

  • Fix CTAD for std::initializer_list. This allows std::initializer_list{1, 2, 3} to be deduced as std::initializer_list<int> as intended.

  • Fix a bug on template partial specialization whose template parameter is decltype(auto).

  • Fix a bug on template partial specialization with issue on deduction of nontype template parameter whose type is decltype(auto). Fixes (#68885).

  • Clang now correctly treats the noexcept-specifier of a friend function to be a complete-class context.

  • Fix an assertion failure when parsing an invalid members of an anonymous class. (#85447)

  • Fixed a misuse of UnresolvedLookupExpr for ill-formed templated expressions. Fixes (#48673), (#63243) and (#88832).

  • Clang now defers all substitution into the exception specification of a function template specialization until the noexcept-specifier is instantiated.

  • Fix a crash when an implicitly declared operator== function with a trailing requires-clause has its constraints compared to that of another declaration.

  • Fix a bug where explicit specializations of member functions/function templates would have substitution performed incorrectly when checking constraints. Fixes (#90349).

  • Clang now allows constrained member functions to be explicitly specialized for an implicit instantiation of a class template.

  • Fix a C++23 bug in implementation of P2564R3 which evaluates immediate invocations in place within initializers for variables that are usable in constant expressions or are constant initialized, rather than evaluating them as a part of the larger manifestly constant evaluated expression.

  • Fix a bug in access control checking due to dealyed checking of friend declaration. Fixes (#12361).

  • Correctly treat the compound statement of an if consteval as an immediate context. Fixes (#91509).

  • When partial ordering alias templates against template template parameters, allow pack expansions when the alias has a fixed-size parameter list. Fixes (#62529).

  • Clang now ignores template parameters only used within the exception specification of candidate function templates during partial ordering when deducing template arguments from a function declaration or when taking the address of a function template.

  • Fix a bug with checking constrained non-type template parameters for equivalence. Fixes (#77377).

  • Fix a bug where the last argument was not considered when considering the most viable function for explicit object argument member functions. Fixes (#92188).

  • Fix a C++11 crash when a non-const non-static member function is defined out-of-line with the constexpr specifier. Fixes (#61004).

  • Clang no longer transforms dependent qualified names into implicit class member access expressions until it can be determined whether the name is that of a non-static member.

  • Clang now correctly diagnoses when the current instantiation is used as an incomplete base class.

  • Clang no longer treats constexpr class scope function template specializations of non-static members as implicitly const in language modes after C++11.

Bug Fixes to AST Handling

  • Clang now properly preserves FoundDecls within a ConceptReference. (#82628)

  • The presence of the typename keyword is now stored in TemplateTemplateParmDecl.

  • Fixed malformed AST generated for anonymous union access in templates. (#90842)

Miscellaneous Bug Fixes

  • Fixed an infinite recursion in ASTImporter, on return type declared inside body of C++11 lambda without trailing return (#68775).

Miscellaneous Clang Crashes Fixed

  • Do not attempt to dump the layout of dependent types or invalid declarations when -fdump-record-layouts-complete is passed. Fixes #83684.

OpenACC Specific Changes

Target Specific Changes

AMDGPU Support

X86 Support

Arm and AArch64 Support

  • ARMv7+ targets now default to allowing unaligned access, except Armv6-M, and Armv8-M without the Main Extension. Baremetal targets should check that the new default will work with their system configurations, since it requires that SCTLR.A is 0, SCTLR.U is 1, and that the memory in question is configured as “normal” memory. This brings Clang in-line with the default settings for GCC and Arm Compiler. Aside from making Clang align with other compilers, changing the default brings major performance and code size improvements for most targets. We have not changed the default behavior for ARMv6, but may revisit that decision in the future. Users can restore the old behavior with -m[no-]unaligned-access.

  • An alias identifier (rdma) has been added for targeting the AArch64 Architecture Extension which uses Rounding Doubling Multiply Accumulate instructions (rdm). The identifier is available on the command line as a feature modifier for -march and -mcpu as well as via target attributes like target_version or target_clones.

  • Support has been added for the following processors (-mcpu identifiers in parenthesis):
    • Arm Cortex-A78AE (cortex-a78ae).

    • Arm Cortex-A520AE (cortex-a520ae).

    • Arm Cortex-A720AE (cortex-a720ae).

    • Arm Cortex-R82AE (cortex-r82ae).

    • Arm Neoverse-N3 (neoverse-n3).

    • Arm Neoverse-V3 (neoverse-v3).

    • Arm Neoverse-V3AE (neoverse-v3ae).

Android Support

Windows Support

  • Clang-cl now supports function targets with intrinsic headers. This allows for runtime feature detection of intrinsics. Previously under clang-cl immintrin.h and similar intrinsic headers would only include the intrinsics if building with that feature enabled at compile time, e.g. avxintrin.h would only be included if AVX was enabled at compile time. This was done to work around include times from MSVC STL including intrin.h under clang-cl. Clang-cl now provides intrin0.h for MSVC STL and therefore all intrinsic features without requiring enablement at compile time. Fixes #53520

  • Improved compile times with MSVC STL. MSVC provides intrin0.h which is a header that only includes intrinsics that are used by MSVC STL to avoid the use of intrin.h. MSVC STL when compiled under clang uses intrin.h instead. Clang-cl now provides intrin0.h for the same compiler throughput purposes as MSVC. Clang-cl also provides yvals_core.h to redefine _STL_INTRIN_HEADER to expand to intrin0.h instead of intrin.h. This also means that if all intrinsic features are enabled at compile time including STL headers will no longer slow down compile times since intrin.h is not included from MSVC STL.

LoongArch Support

RISC-V Support

  • __attribute__((rvv_vector_bits(N))) is now supported for RVV vbool*_t types.

  • Profile names in -march option are now supported.

CUDA/HIP Language Changes

  • PTX is no longer included by default when compiling for CUDA. Using --cuda-include-ptx=all will return the old behavior.

CUDA Support

  • Clang now supports CUDA SDK up to 12.4

AIX Support

  • Introduced the -maix-small-local-dynamic-tls option to produce a faster access sequence for local-dynamic TLS variables where the offset from the TLS base is encoded as an immediate operand. This access sequence is not used for TLS variables larger than 32KB, and is currently only supported on 64-bit mode.

WebAssembly Support

The -mcpu=generic configuration now enables multivalue feature, which is standardized and available in all major engines. Enabling multivalue here only enables the language feature but does not turn on the multivalue ABI (this enables non-ABI uses of multivalue, like exnref).

AVR Support

DWARF Support in Clang

Floating Point Support in Clang

Fixed Point Support in Clang

AST Matchers

  • Fixes a long-standing performance issue in parent map generation for ancestry-based matchers such as hasParent and hasAncestor, making them significantly faster.

  • isInStdNamespace now supports Decl declared with extern "C++".

  • Add isExplicitObjectMemberFunction.

  • Fixed forEachArgumentWithParam and forEachArgumentWithParamType to not skip the explicit object parameter for operator calls.

  • Fixed captureVars assertion failure if not capturesVariables. (#76425)


  • AlwaysBreakTemplateDeclarations is deprecated and renamed to BreakTemplateDeclarations.

  • AlwaysBreakAfterReturnType is deprecated and renamed to BreakAfterReturnType.

  • Handles Java switch expressions.

  • Adds AllowShortCaseExpressionOnASingleLine option.

  • Adds AlignCaseArrows suboption to AlignConsecutiveShortCaseStatements.


  • clang_getSpellingLocation now correctly resolves macro expansions; that is, it returns the spelling location instead of the expansion location.

Static Analyzer

  • Fixed crashing on loops if the loop variable was declared in switch blocks but not under any case blocks if unroll-loops=true analyzer config is set. (#68819)

  • Support C++23 static operator calls. (#84972)

  • Fixed a crash in security.cert.env.InvalidPtr checker when accidentally matched user-defined strerror and similar library functions. (GH#88181)

  • Fixed a crash when storing through an address that refers to the address of a label. (GH#89185)

New features

Crash and bug fixes


  • Support importing C++20 modules in clang-repl.

  • Added support for TypeLoc::dump() for easier debugging, and improved textual and JSON dumping for various TypeLoc-related nodes.

Moved checkers


  • -fsanitize=signed-integer-overflow now instruments signed arithmetic even when -fwrapv is enabled. Previously, only division checks were enabled.

    Users with -fwrapv as well as a sanitizer group like -fsanitize=undefined or -fsanitize=integer enabled may want to manually disable potentially noisy signed integer overflow checks with -fno-sanitize=signed-integer-overflow

  • -fsanitize=cfi -fsanitize-cfi-cross-dso (cross-DSO CFI instrumentation) now generates the __cfi_check function with proper target-specific attributes, for example allowing unwind table generation.

Python Binding Changes

  • Exposed CXRewriter API as class Rewriter.

  • Add some missing kinds from Index.h (CursorKind: 149-156, 272-320, 420-437. TemplateArgumentKind: 5-9. TypeKind: 161-175 and 178).

OpenMP Support

  • Added support for the [[omp::assume]] attribute.

Additional Information

A wide variety of additional information is available on the Clang web page. The web page contains versions of the API documentation which are up-to-date with the Git version of the source code. You can access versions of these documents specific to this release by going into the “clang/docs/” directory in the Clang tree.

If you have any questions or comments about Clang, please feel free to contact us on the Discourse forums (Clang Frontend category).