clang 17.0.0git
InheritViz.cpp
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1//===- InheritViz.cpp - Graphviz visualization for inheritance --*- C++ -*-===//
2//
3// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
4// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
5// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
6//
7//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
8//
9// This file implements CXXRecordDecl::viewInheritance, which
10// generates a GraphViz DOT file that depicts the class inheritance
11// diagram and then calls Graphviz/dot+gv on it.
12//
13//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
14
16#include "clang/AST/Decl.h"
17#include "clang/AST/DeclCXX.h"
19#include "llvm/Support/FileSystem.h"
20#include "llvm/Support/GraphWriter.h"
21#include "llvm/Support/raw_ostream.h"
22#include <map>
23#include <set>
24using namespace clang;
25
26namespace {
27/// InheritanceHierarchyWriter - Helper class that writes out a
28/// GraphViz file that diagrams the inheritance hierarchy starting at
29/// a given C++ class type. Note that we do not use LLVM's
30/// GraphWriter, because the interface does not permit us to properly
31/// differentiate between uses of types as virtual bases
32/// vs. non-virtual bases.
33class InheritanceHierarchyWriter {
34 ASTContext& Context;
35 raw_ostream &Out;
36 std::map<QualType, int, QualTypeOrdering> DirectBaseCount;
37 std::set<QualType, QualTypeOrdering> KnownVirtualBases;
38
39public:
40 InheritanceHierarchyWriter(ASTContext& Context, raw_ostream& Out)
41 : Context(Context), Out(Out) { }
42
43 void WriteGraph(QualType Type) {
44 Out << "digraph \"" << llvm::DOT::EscapeString(Type.getAsString())
45 << "\" {\n";
46 WriteNode(Type, false);
47 Out << "}\n";
48 }
49
50protected:
51 /// WriteNode - Write out the description of node in the inheritance
52 /// diagram, which may be a base class or it may be the root node.
53 void WriteNode(QualType Type, bool FromVirtual);
54
55 /// WriteNodeReference - Write out a reference to the given node,
56 /// using a unique identifier for each direct base and for the
57 /// (only) virtual base.
58 raw_ostream& WriteNodeReference(QualType Type, bool FromVirtual);
59};
60} // namespace
61
62void InheritanceHierarchyWriter::WriteNode(QualType Type, bool FromVirtual) {
63 QualType CanonType = Context.getCanonicalType(Type);
64
65 if (FromVirtual) {
66 if (KnownVirtualBases.find(CanonType) != KnownVirtualBases.end())
67 return;
68
69 // We haven't seen this virtual base before, so display it and
70 // its bases.
71 KnownVirtualBases.insert(CanonType);
72 }
73
74 // Declare the node itself.
75 Out << " ";
76 WriteNodeReference(Type, FromVirtual);
77
78 // Give the node a label based on the name of the class.
79 std::string TypeName = Type.getAsString();
80 Out << " [ shape=\"box\", label=\"" << llvm::DOT::EscapeString(TypeName);
81
82 // If the name of the class was a typedef or something different
83 // from the "real" class name, show the real class name in
84 // parentheses so we don't confuse ourselves.
85 if (TypeName != CanonType.getAsString()) {
86 Out << "\\n(" << CanonType.getAsString() << ")";
87 }
88
89 // Finished describing the node.
90 Out << " \"];\n";
91
92 // Display the base classes.
93 const auto *Decl =
94 static_cast<const CXXRecordDecl *>(Type->castAs<RecordType>()->getDecl());
95 for (const auto &Base : Decl->bases()) {
96 QualType CanonBaseType = Context.getCanonicalType(Base.getType());
97
98 // If this is not virtual inheritance, bump the direct base
99 // count for the type.
100 if (!Base.isVirtual())
101 ++DirectBaseCount[CanonBaseType];
102
103 // Write out the node (if we need to).
104 WriteNode(Base.getType(), Base.isVirtual());
105
106 // Write out the edge.
107 Out << " ";
108 WriteNodeReference(Type, FromVirtual);
109 Out << " -> ";
110 WriteNodeReference(Base.getType(), Base.isVirtual());
111
112 // Write out edge attributes to show the kind of inheritance.
113 if (Base.isVirtual()) {
114 Out << " [ style=\"dashed\" ]";
115 }
116 Out << ";";
117 }
118}
119
120/// WriteNodeReference - Write out a reference to the given node,
121/// using a unique identifier for each direct base and for the
122/// (only) virtual base.
123raw_ostream&
124InheritanceHierarchyWriter::WriteNodeReference(QualType Type,
125 bool FromVirtual) {
126 QualType CanonType = Context.getCanonicalType(Type);
127
128 Out << "Class_" << CanonType.getAsOpaquePtr();
129 if (!FromVirtual)
130 Out << "_" << DirectBaseCount[CanonType];
131 return Out;
132}
133
134/// viewInheritance - Display the inheritance hierarchy of this C++
135/// class using GraphViz.
137 QualType Self = Context.getTypeDeclType(this);
138
139 int FD;
141 if (std::error_code EC = llvm::sys::fs::createTemporaryFile(
142 Self.getAsString(), "dot", FD, Filename)) {
143 llvm::errs() << "Error: " << EC.message() << "\n";
144 return;
145 }
146
147 llvm::errs() << "Writing '" << Filename << "'... ";
148
149 llvm::raw_fd_ostream O(FD, true);
150
151 InheritanceHierarchyWriter Writer(Context, O);
152 Writer.WriteGraph(Self);
153 llvm::errs() << " done. \n";
154
155 O.close();
156
157 // Display the graph
158 DisplayGraph(Filename);
159}
Defines the clang::ASTContext interface.
Defines the C++ Decl subclasses, other than those for templates (found in DeclTemplate....
StringRef Filename
Definition: Format.cpp:2796
Allows QualTypes to be sorted and hence used in maps and sets.
Holds long-lived AST nodes (such as types and decls) that can be referred to throughout the semantic ...
Definition: ASTContext.h:182
CanQualType getCanonicalType(QualType T) const
Return the canonical (structural) type corresponding to the specified potentially non-canonical type ...
Definition: ASTContext.h:2524
QualType getTypeDeclType(const TypeDecl *Decl, const TypeDecl *PrevDecl=nullptr) const
Return the unique reference to the type for the specified type declaration.
Definition: ASTContext.h:1561
Represents a C++ struct/union/class.
Definition: DeclCXX.h:254
void viewInheritance(ASTContext &Context) const
Renders and displays an inheritance diagram for this C++ class and all of its base classes (transitiv...
Definition: InheritViz.cpp:136
Decl - This represents one declaration (or definition), e.g.
Definition: DeclBase.h:83
A (possibly-)qualified type.
Definition: Type.h:736
void * getAsOpaquePtr() const
Definition: Type.h:783
static std::string getAsString(SplitQualType split, const PrintingPolicy &Policy)
Definition: Type.h:1091
A helper class that allows the use of isa/cast/dyncast to detect TagType objects of structs/unions/cl...
Definition: Type.h:4850
The base class of the type hierarchy.
Definition: Type.h:1568
const T * castAs() const
Member-template castAs<specific type>.
Definition: Type.h:7497